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Background & objectives: Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare genetic disorder caused by an impaired DNA repair mechanism which leads to an increased tendency toward malignancies and progressive bone marrow failure. The only curative management available for hematologic abnormalities in FA patients is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This study aimed to evaluate the role of HSCT in FA patients.
Methods: Twenty FA patients with ages of 16 or more who underwent HSCT between 2002 and 2015 enrolled in this study. All transplants were allogeneic and the stem cell source was peripheral blood and all patients had a full HLA-matched donor.
Results: Eleven patients were female and 9 male (55% and 45%). Mean age was 24.05 years. Mortality rate was 50% (n=10) and the main cause of death was GVHD. Survival analysis showed an overall 5-year survival of 53.63% and 13 year survival of 45.96 % among patients.
Conclusion: HSCT is the only curative management for bone marrow failure in FA patients and despite high rate of mortality and morbidity it seems to be an appropriate treatment with an acceptable long term survival rate for adolescent and adult group.
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