Calreticulin mutation survey by high resolution melting method associated with unique presentations in essential thrombocythemic patients CALR mutation survey by HRM in ET patients

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Yi-Chang Liu
Ching-Ping Lee
Tsung-Jang Yeh
Yuh-Ching Gau
Chieh-Yu Hsieh
Ya-Lun Ke
Jeng-Shiun Du
Ming-Hui Lin
Hui-Ching Wang
Shih-Hao Tang
Shih-Feng Cho
Jui-Feng Hsu
Samuel Yien Hsiao
Chin-Mu Hsu
Hui-Hua Hsiao *
(*) Corresponding Author:
Hui-Hua Hsiao | huhuhs@kmu.edu.tw

Abstract

Somatic mutations of exon 9 of calreticulin gene (CALR) were diagnosis and prognosis importance found in patients with JAK2V617F-negative essential thrombocythemia (ET). We survey CALR and JAK2 mutations in our ET patients and study the relationship between mutations and clinical presentations.


A total of 60 ET patients were enrolled in the study, and CALR mutations were studied by high resolution melting (HRM) methods and sequencing in JAK2V617F-negative group retrospectively. Clinical manifestations were reviewed retrospectively from chart records.


Twenty-one CALR mutations showed eight types of specific melting curves detected by the HRM method and sequencing validation among 26 JAK2 V617F-negative patients. Compared with JAK2 mutations, patients with CALR mutations were younger and had a higher platelet count, lower white cell counts, and lower hemoglobin levels significantly (p<0.05).


From our study, HRM methods revealed unique curve types in screening for CALR mutations screening even for complicated mutations. The mutations can be identification rapidly, and cost-effectively by HRM method than other tools. The clinical presentations of CALR mutations from JAK2 mutations showed significant differences and should be checked in ET patients.


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