SCREENING OF HEPATITIS G AND EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUSES AMONG VOLUNTARY NON REMUNERATED BLOOD DONORS (VNRBD) IN BURKINA FASO, WEST AFRICA

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Issouf Tao
Cyrille Bisseye
Bolni Marius Nagalo
Mahamoudou Sanou
Alice Kiba
Guzin Surat
Tegwinde Rebecca Compaore
Lassina Traore
Albert Yonli
Jean-Baptiste Nikiema
Jean-Didier Zongo
Jacques Simpore *
(*) Corresponding Author:
Jacques Simpore | jacques.simpore@yahoo.fr

Abstract

In most sub-Saharan countries screening of blood-transmitted infections includes mainly HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis. Many viruses such as Hepatitis G (HGV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) which also carry a risk of transmission by blood transfusion raise the question of the extent of screening for these pathogens. This work aims to evaluate the prevalence of HGV and EBV in first-time blood donors in Ouagadougou.

The prevalence of HGV and EBV in 551 blood donors was 7.4% and 5.4% respectively. HGV prevalence was significantly higher in blood donors with hepatitis B antigens and positive for HCV compared to donors negative for HCV and no hepatitis B antigens (respectively p<0.001 and p=0.004). EBV prevalence was higher among blood donors of < 20 years age group.

This study shows significant results with regard to the prevalence of HGV and EBV prevalence in blood donors in Burkina Faso and emphasizes the need for a general screening.


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