1 Department of Women’s and Child’s Health, Azienda Ospedaliera-Università di Padova, Padova, Italy.
2 Hospital Raoul Follereau, Bissau, Guinea Bissau.
3 Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy.
4 Aid, Health and Development Onlus, Roma, Italy.
5 Clinic of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Department of Women’s and Child’s Health, Azienda Ospedaliera-Università di Padova, Padova, Italy.
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Background and Objectives: The
World Health Organization End tuberculosis (TB) Strategy, approved in
2014, aims at a 90% reduction in TB deaths and an 80% reduction in TB
incidence rate by 2030. One of the suggested interventions is the
systematic screening of people with suspected TB, belonging to specific
risk groups. The Hospital Raoul Follereau (HRF) in Bissau,
Guinea-Bissau, is the National Reference Hospital for Tuberculosis and
Lung Disease of the country. We performed an active case-finding
program among pediatric age family members and cohabitants of admitted
adult TB patients, from January to December 2013.
Material and Methods
|Table 1. Clinical characteristics of the 287 children, living in the household of adult patients admitted with Tuberculosis at the Raul Follereau Hospital (HRF), who were screened in the project.|
|Figure 1. Diagnostic pathway of children with Presumptive Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Tuberculosis. *Three children had multiple diagnosis: one girl with Smear Negative Pulmonary TB and Bone TB; one girl with Smear Negative Pulmonary TB and Smear positive Lymph node TB; one girl with Smear positive Lymph node TB and Bone TB (Pott’s disease).|
|Table 2. Clinical and demographic characteristics of the screened children who were diagnosed with Tuberculosis (N=44).|
AcknowledgementsThe Authors would like to thank the Ministry of Health, the National Program Against Tuberculosis, the staff of the Hospital Raoul Follereau and all the patients and their families.