1 Department of Medicine, Section of Internal Medicine, University of Verona, Piazzale L.A. Scuro, 10, 37134 Verona, Italy.
2 Sorbonne Universitè INSERM UMR-S1136 Institut Pierre Louis d’ Epidemiologie et de Sanitè Publique, Team EPAR F75012, Paris, France.
3 Ultrasound Association of South-Tyrol, Bolzano Health District, Piazza W.A. Loew-Cadonna 12, 39100 Bolzano, Italy.
4 Department of Health Promotion Sciences Maternal and Infant Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialities, University of Palermo, Via del Vespro, 141-90127 Palermo, Italy.
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review covers the role of ultrasonography as an essential non-invasive
diagnostic approach when facing patients with anaemia, a common
clinical problem. Abdomen ultrasound is well recognised as a first-line
examination in the setting of blood loss, both acute and chronic. Less
is clear about the additional opportunities, given by ultrasound in
anaemia, due to the many other possible causes.
|Figure 1. Ultrasound in the anaemic patients: fields of application.|
Abdomen Ultrasound: the First Line Examination in Different Clinical Settings
|Figure 2. The role of abdomen ultrasound as a first-line examination in different settings and with different patients.|
|Figure 3. FAST-oriented algorithm in the abdominal trauma. FAST: Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma; CT: computed tomography.|
Focus on: Ultrasound for the Haematologist
|Figure 4. The instrumental examination flow chart for suspected haematologic diseases.|
Focus on: Anaemia and Cardiac Ultrasound (Heart Failure and the Oncologic Patient)
|Figure 5. The mechanisms that lead to HF in anaemic patient.|