Ashley-Koch A, Yang Q,Olney RS. Sickle hemoglobin (HbS) allele and sickle cell disease: A huge review. American J Epid.2000;151:839-45
Malowany JI, Butany J. Pathology of sickle cell disease. Semin Diagn Pathol.2012;29:49-55
Anie KA, Egunjobi FE, Akinyanju OO. Psychosocial impact of sickle cell disorder: Perspectives from a Nigerian setting. Global Health 6:2. 2010. Available from: http://www.globalizationandhealth.com/content.
Weatherall DJ,Clegg JB. Inherited haemoglobin disorders: An increasing global health problem.Bull World Health Organ. 2001;79:704-12
WHO (2008): Sickle cell anaemia report by the secretariat. Fifty ninth world health assembly. Available from: http://apps..int/gb/ebwha/pdf fi les/WHA59/A59 9-en.
Booth C, Inusa B, Obaro SK. Infection in sickle cell disease: A review. Int. J. Infect. Dis. 2009;14(1):e2-e12.
Williams TN, Uyoga S, Macharia A, Ndila C, McAuley CF,Opi DH. Bacteraemia in Kenyan children with sickle-cell anaemia: A retrospective cohort and case-control study. Lancet. 2009;374:1364-70
Tamouza R, Neonato MG, Busson M, Marzais F, Girot R,Labie D. Infectious complications in sickle cell disease are influenced by HLA class II alleles. Hum Immunol. 2002;63:194-9
Sadat-Ali M. The status of acute osteomyelitis in sickle cell disease-a 15-year review. Int Surg. 1998;83:84-7.
Chambers JB, Forsythe DA, Bertrand SL, Iwinski HJ, Steflik DE.Retrospective review of osteoarticular infections in a pediatricsickle cell age group. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000;20:682-5.
Cheesbrough M. District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries. Cambridge University Press, UK. 000;2:13-77
Umar M, Arzai A.H, Yusuf G, Oko JO, Jobbi DY. serological characterization and antimicrobial sensitivity profile of Haemophilus influenzae serotypes isolated from Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. J. Brit Microbiol Res. 2016;15(5):1-10
Bauer AW, Kirby WM, Sherris JC, Turck, M. Antibiotic susceptibil¬ity testing by a standardized single disk method. Am J. Clin. Pathol.1966;45(4):493-496
CLSI (Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute).Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing. Information supplement. CLSI committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards Wayne; PA 19th Edition. 2009
Athale UH, Chintu C. Clinical analysis of mortality in hospitalized Zambian children with sickle cell anaemia.East Afr. Med. J. 1994;71(6):388–391
Shinde S, Bakshi AP. Shrikhande AV.Infections in sickle cell disease. Int.Arch. Integ. Med. 2015;2(11):26-34
Kizito ME, Mworozi E, Ndugwa C, Serjeant GR. Bacteraemia in homozygous sickle cell disease in Africa; Is Pneumococcal prophylaxis justified. Arc.Dis. Childhood. 2007;92:21-23
Lobel JS, Bove K. Clinicopathologic characteristics of septicemia in sickle cell disease.Am J Dis Child. 1982;136:543–547
Nwadioha SI, Nwokedi EOP, Kashibu E, Odimayo MS, Okwori EE. A review of bacterial isolates in blood cultures of children with suspected septicemia in a Nigerian tertiary Hospital. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res. 2010;4(4):222-225
Obaro SK, Hassan-Hanga F, Olateju EK, Umoru D, Lawson L, Olanipekun G, Ibrahim S, Munir H, Ihesiolor G, Maduekwe A, Ohiaeri C. Salmonella bacteremia among children in central and northwest Nigeria, 2008–2015. Clin. Infec. Dis.2015;61(suppl4):S325-S331
Yanda ANA, Nansseu JRN, Awa HDM, Tatah SA, Seungu J, Eposse C, Koki PON. Burden and spectrum of bacterial infections among sickle cell disease children living in Cameroon. BMC Infec. Dis. 2017;17:211.
Mava Y, Bello M, Ambe JP, Zailani SB. Antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of organisms causing urinary tract infection in children with sickle cell anemia in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Nig. J. Clin. Prac. 2012;15(4):420-423
Yusuf I, Arzai AH, Haruna M. Sharif AA, Getso MI. Detection of multi drug resistant bacteria in major hospitals in Kano, North-West, Nigeria. Detection of multi drug resistant bacteria in major hospitals in Kano, North-West, Nigeria. Braz. J. Microbiol.2014;45(3):791-798
Iliyasu G, Daiyab FM, Tiamiyu AB, Abubakar S, Habib ZG, Sarki AM, Habib AG. Nosocomial infections and resistance pattern of common bacterial isolates in an intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital in Nigeria: A 4-year review. J.Crit.Care. 2016;34:116-120