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Alessandra Nicoletti
Calogero Edoardo Cicero
Antonia Mantella
Loretta Giuliano
Cristina Rascunà
Vincenza Paradisi
Alessandro Bartoloni
Mario Zappia
Vito Sofia


Toxocara canis, Helminths, Epidemiology


Toxocariasis is one of the most common helminthiases worldwide. However, there is a lack of data regarding Southern Italy. We have evaluated the seroprevalence and associated environmental factors of toxocariasis in a sample of adults living in the city of Catania.

Presence of anti-Toxocara canis IgG antibodies was searched using an ELISA test using excretory/secretory antigens. Environmental risk factors have beene valuated with a face-to-face questionnaire.

Two hundred eighty-seven subjects (mean age of 48.1±15.6 years) were enrolled, and presence of anti T. canis antibodies was found in 23 participants, of whom 18 (78.3%) were women with a mean age of 51.1±14.0 years, giving a seroprevalence of 8.0% (95%CI 5.4-11.7). At multivariate analysis a positive association for subjects with more than 3 siblings (adjOR 3.17; 95%CI 1.09-9.25) was recorded.

Our study confirms that exposition to T. canis is common also in urban areas of western countries.


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