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Introduction: The aim of the study was to enumerate the clinical, hematological and molecular spectrum of G6PD deficiency in malaria endemic regions of south west Odisha.
Methods: Diagnosis of G6PD deficiency was made by using the Di-chloroindophenol Dye test in from two south west districts (Kalahandi and Rayagada) of Odisha State. Demographic and clinical history was taken from each individual using a pre-structured questionnaire. Molecular characterization of G6PD deficiency was done using PCR-RFLP and Sanger sequencing.
Results: A total of 1981 individuals were screened, out of which 59 (2.97%) individuals were found G6PD deficient. Analysis revealed that G6PD deficiency was more in males (4.0%) as compared to females (2.3%). G6PD deficiency was significantly higher in tribal population (4.8%) as compared to non-tribal populations (2.4%) (p=0.012, OR=2.014, 95%CI =1.206-3.365). Individuals with history of malaria and G6PD deficiency have high risk of need of blood transfusion than G6PD normal individuals (p=0.026, OR=3.816, 95%CI=1.079-13.496). Molecular analysis revealed G6PD Orissa as the most common (88%) mutation 88% in the studied cohort. G6PD Kaiping (n=3), G6PD Coimbra (n=2) and G6PD Union (n=1) were also identified in studied cohort.
Conclusion: The cumulative prevalence of G6PD deficiency the present is below the estimated national prevalence. G6PD deficiency was higher in tribes as compared to non-tribes. Rare G6PD Kaiping and G6PD Union variants have been identified.
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