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Karin Mayer
Nicolaus Hegge
Ernst Molitor
Peter Brossart
Corinna Hahn-Ast


Neutropenic fever, antibiotic escalation, bacteria, infection



In febrile neutropenia linezolid (LIN) and also vancomycin (VAN) can be used if a gram-positive infection is suspected. Interestingly there is no literature in which both are compared in the setting of febrile neutropenia.  Therefore we provide here the results of a retrospective analysis of  adding VAN versus LIN in patients with febrile neutropenia.


Patients with haematological diseases and  febrile neutropenia after myelosuppressive chemotherapy and no clearance of infection after the first empiric broad spectrum antibiotic, which were escalated to VAN or LIN from 03/2010 to 03/2014 at the University Hospital Bonn were included in this retrospective analysis.


Out of the 73 patients 50 had received VAN and 23 LIN. The median time of hospitalisation in the LIN cohort was significant shorter than in the VAN cohort (LIN 16 days vs VAN 20 days p=0.046). Successful defervescence with the escalation to VAN or LIN could be detected in 76% of the LIN cases and 50% in the VAN group (p=0.052). This trend to a better efficacy with LIN was also shown by a higher rate of discontinuation of VAN and escalation to another antibiotic scheme (54.2%) than in the LIN cohort (24%, p=0.052).  


The antibiotic therapy in febrile neutropenia with LIN showed a trend to a better efficacy than therapy with VAN. But because of the small sample size and the retrospective manner VAN may still be considered a reasonable option in neutropenic fever and randomized studies are needed in this field.



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