Breastfeeding in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia: case series with measurements of drug concentrations in maternal milk and review of literature

Ekaterina Chelysheva, Sergey Aleshin, Evgenia Polushkina, Roman Shmakov, Igor Shokhin, Ghermes Chilov, Anna Turkina
  • Ekaterina Chelysheva
    National Research Center for Hematology, Russian Federation | denve@bk.ru
  • Sergey Aleshin
    Center of Pharmaceutical Analytics Ltd, Russian Federation
  • Evgenia Polushkina
    FSBI National Research Center of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology of the Healthcare Ministry named after V.I. Kulakov,
  • Roman Shmakov
    FSBI National Research Center of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology of the Healthcare Ministry named after V.I. Kulakov, Russian Federation
  • Igor Shokhin
    Center of Pharmaceutical Analytics Ltd, Russian Federation
  • Ghermes Chilov
    FSBI N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation
  • Anna Turkina
    National Research Center for Hematology, Russian Federation

Abstract

Breastfeeding in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) who take tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is not recommended but interruption of TKI treatment may cause the loss of remission. We observed the kinetics of the leukaemic clone in 3 women with CML in accordance with treatment interruptions for pregnancy and breastfeeding. The concentrations of nilotinib and imatinib in maternal milk were measured when the breastfeeding period was over. Nilotinib transfer into human breast milk was demonstrated for the first time and had a maximum concentration (Cmax) 129 ng/ml after 4 hours of the drug intake at a dose of 400 mg. The Cmax of imatinib in maternal milk ranged from 420 to 1411 ng/ml after 4-8 hours of the drug intake at a dose of 400-600 mg. Breastfeeding without TKI treatment may be safe with molecular monitoring, but preferably in those patients with CML who have durable deep molecular response.

Keywords

chronic myeloid leukaemia, pregnancy, breastfeeding, milk, breast milk, imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, molecular response

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Submitted: 2018-02-10 18:45:00
Published: 2018-05-01 00:00:00
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